Double crochet (abbreviated DC) is one most common and useful crochet stitches. In fact, learning how to double crochet is the second basic crochet stitch I suggest beginners learn.
In this step-by-step tutorial, I share photos and written instructions for working the double crochet stitch in rounds and rows. You'll also learn:
- Tricks for making DC stitches look tidy and even
- Common mistakes and how to fix them
- Simple variations of double crochet that look fancy
- How to increase and decrease
- The best beginner patterns to practice double crochet stitches
This double crochet for beginners guide contains affiliate links.
- How to Double Crochet (US Terms)
- About Double Crochet Stitch
- When to Use Double Crochet
- Step-by-Step Double Crochet Tutorial
- How to Double Crochet in Rows
- How to Double Crochet in the Round
- Increases and Decreases
- How to Count Dc Stitches and Rows
- Common Mistakes and How to Fix Them
- Variations on Double Crochet
- Patterns Using Double Crochet
- Invitation to our Facebook group
- How to Do the Double Crochet Stitch (US Terms)
How to Double Crochet (US Terms)
If you're already familiar with single crochet, learning how to make a double crochet stitch will be easy. We're simply adding one more step to create a taller stitch.
- Yarn over. Insert hook into the next stitch. Yarn over and pull up a loop. (3 loops on hook.)
- Yarn over and pull through two loops on the hook. (Two loops remain.)
- Yarn over again, and pull through both loops on the hook. (Double crochet stitch complete.)
Here are step-by-step photos demonstrating how to create a double crochet stitch.
About Double Crochet Stitch
Next we'll cover a detailed breakdown of the double crochet stitch. I'll offer written instructions, show you the anatomy of the stitch, how to use double crochet to make circles, and how to troubleshoot if your DC stitches look weird.
Grab your crochet hook, and let's get started!
The double crochet stitch is typically abbreviated DC (or dc) in crochet patterns.
In this tutorial, we're using US terms. If a pattern says it uses UK terms, the stitch you're learning here is called a Treble Crochet (tr). Confusing, right?
To summarize, in US terms, a stitch with two yarn overs is called a double crochet. In UK terms, the same stitch with two yarn overs is called a treble crochet.
In crochet diagrams, the double crochet stitch is represented by a 'T' shape with one extra cross line. This symbol is used in visual patterns to show where a DC stitch should be made.
Double crochet stitches are double the height of single crochet stitches (sc) and slightly taller than half-double crochet stitches (hdc).
The DC stitch is shorter than the treble crochet stitch though, making it a versatile choice for hats, afghans, baby blankets, sweaters, and sometimes, even stuffed animals.
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Because double crochet is twice the height of single crochet, it's often the fastest way to create crochet fabric. The DC stitch is efficient in the movements it requires, which makes it a favorite among crocheters who want to make fast projects.
Pro Tip: For even faster progress, look for a double crochet cluster stitch pattern where you're inserting your hook into the spaces between stitches. The granny stitch is a great example.
Cluster stitches like this require less precision because your hook has a larger hole to work into, making it a relaxing and easy way to work.
The turning chain (tch) in a row of double crochet typically consists of three chain stitches. If you're noticing loose gaps at the edge of your double crochet rows, try working these chain stitches quite tightly to shorten the height of the turning chain.
How to Know If the Turning Chain Counts as a Double Crochet
In most cases, the turning chain counts as the first double crochet stitch in the row. This means you don't need to work an additional stitch in the first stitch of the row below.
However, it's important to read the pattern instructions closely as this can vary. Some patterns may specify that the turning chain does not count as a stitch.
In such cases, you will need to work a double crochet stitch into the first stitch of the row below, just like you would with the remaining stitches in the row. Then when you're counting your double crochets, don't include the turning chain in the stitch count.
Fabric Made from Double Crochet
Overall, fabric made from double crochet stitches can be used for a wide range of projects. Because DC stitches are taller than single crochet stitches, the fabric made from double crochet stitches tends to be drapier and have a bit of stretch.
Many people like that it has a distinct texture, with raised rows of stitches on one side and V-shaped stitches on the other side.
When to Use Double Crochet
The double crochet stitch is perfect for projects that need a closed, solid stitch and some drape and flexibility.
Consider using double crochets in granny squares, beanies, shawls, coasters, blankets, and sweaters.
Step-by-Step Double Crochet Tutorial
Now let's make a double crochet swatch so I can show you:
- how to double crochet into chain stitches
- how to turn double crochet at the end of a row
- how to double crochet in rows
- how to fasten off double crochet
To get started, you'll want to have a worsted weight or chunky weight yarn in a light color. Check the yarn label to see what crochet hook size is suggested to pair with the yarn. This recommendation will work fine to practice double crochet stitches.
How to Double Crochet in Rows
Working in rows means crocheting back and forth to create a flat piece of fabric. Here's how to make a double crochet square step-by-step.
Making a Foundation Chain
Begin by making a slip knot on your hook. Then, create a foundation chain of any length. For beginners, 12 chain stitches is a good starting point. Remember, the length of your foundation chain will determine the width of your crochet piece.
Here's how to start the first row of double crochet:
1. Yarn over (yo) and insert your hook into the fourth chain from the hook (not counting the loop on your hook). The three skipped chains count as the turning chain in Row 1.
2. Yarn over again and pull up a loop. At this point, you should have three loops on your hook.
3. Yarn over and pull through the first two loops on the hook. You should have two loops on your hook.
4. Yarn over again and pull through the remaining two loops. You should have a single loop on your hook.
This completes your first double crochet stitch.
Finishing the First Row
Repeat the instructions above in each chain stitch until the end of the row. Count your stitches. The row should include 10 double crochets. (9 dc stitches + the turning chain, which counts as a stitch in double crochet.)
Pro Tip: After you've practiced double crocheting into a chain a few times, try working into the back loop of your chain stitch to a cleaner-looking edge.
- Turn your chain over so the wrong side (the one with the bumps) is visible.
- Insert your hook under the middle bump (the lump in the middle of the V-shape between the bottom of the chain stitch).
Turning Your Project
At the end of Row 1, it's time to turn your project to begin the second row of double crochet. Keep the hook in the loop and flip your work over, as if turning the page of a book. The "wrong side" is now facing you.
Note: Because double crochet fabric is reversible, the wrong side of several rows looks no different than the "right side." This is simply a distinction made in some crochet patterns to help the reader follow the instructions more easily.
This is how you'll work Row 2 and each additional row of double crochet stitches.
1. Make the turning chain: Tightly chain 3 stitches to bring your yarn up to the height of a double crochet.
Since this ch-3 turning chain counts as a stitch, we don't need to work a DC in the first stitch below. Instead, skip the first stitch. Our first "real" double crochet will be worked into the second stitch.
2. Yarn over and insert your hook under both loops of the second stitch. Create one double crochet stitch.
3. Proceed like this in each stitch of the Row.
4. At the end of the row, you'll reach the turning chain from the previous row. Since this counts as a stitch, placing a stitch here is important. This is a common mistake. Insert your hook under the two loops of the top of the tch to work your final double crochet of the row.
Pause and count your stitches. You should have 10 stitches including the tch.
To continue making double crochet rows, turn your work again and repeat the "Row 2" instructions above for each subsequent row.
How to Double Crochet in the Round
Double crocheting in rounds creates circular or tubular projects, such as hats or amigurumi. There are two approaches to working in the round.
- Joined rounds
- Continuous spiral rounds
When creating double crochet joined rounds, the first stitch of the round is connected to the last stitch of the round with a slip stitch (slst). This creates a slightly visible seam but also ensures that the last round doesn't have a visible step up.
Here's how to work double crochet in joined rounds:
1. Begin the round with a chain 3.
2. Stitch around the round as usual.
3. Double crochet in the last stitch.
4. Slip stitch into the top (third) chain of the ch-3 from the beginning of the round.
Note: Joined rounds of double crochet are often worked with the right side facing throughout. Sometimes, a pattern will tell you to turn your work at the end of each round. Doing so creates a reversible fabric that looks the same on both sides.
Spiral rounds of double crochet are worked continuously without joining with a slip stitch. This creates a smooth, seamless look without a visible seam. The downside is that the final edge has a visible step.
I recommend working in a spiral for amigurumi projects where the final edge will be hidden or seamed.
To work in continuous/spiral rounds:
When you get to the end of a row, continue onto the first stitch of the next round without slip stitching.
When working like this, I strongly recommend placing a stitch marker in the beginning of the round and moving it up to the first stitch of each round as you work. Otherwise, it's impossible to tell where one round ends and another begins.
Increases and Decreases
Increasing and decreasing techniques are often used in crochet projects that require shaping, such as hats, garments, and toys. However, increases and decreases can also be combined to create interesting effects in flat stitch patterns. Our ripple blanket pattern is a fantastic example.
How to do a Double Crochet Increase
In crochet patterns, you may see double crochet increases abbreviated as "dc inc." I usually say "2 dc in next stitch" in the patterns I write, which means the same thing.
To make a DC increase, you simply work two double crochet stitches into a single stitch. It's also possible to work more than one extra stitch as part of an increase. Some stitch patterns include three, four, or even five double crochets in the same stitch.
How to do a Double Crochet Decrease
Decreasing in double crochet means that you're eliminating one (or more) stitch(es). Double crochet decreases are often abbreviated as dc2tog, which means "double crochet two together."
Your pattern will specify if a certain type of "DC dec" is required. Here are the two most common ways to decrease in double crochet.
When it doubt, this traditional DC decrease is a good option.
1. Yarn over, insert your hook into the first stitch. Yarn over, pull up a loop. Yarn over and pull through the first two loops on hook. (2 loops on hook)
2. Then, yarn over and insert your hook into the next stitch. Yarn over, and pull up a loop. Yarn over and pull through the first two loops on hook. (3 loops on hook)
3. Finally, yarn over and pull through all three loops on your hook. You've just decreased your stitch count by one.
An invisible double crochet decrease combines two stitches into one is a less bulky way. The concepts are similar to the common decrease, but the hook placement is different.
1. Yarn over, insert your hook into the front loop of first stitch. Do not yarn over.
2. Insert your hook into the front loop of the next stitch.
3. Continue as usual with the double crochet: Yarn over and pull through the first two loops on hook. Yarn over and pull through the next two loops. Yarn over again and pull through the last two loops. You've just decreased your stitch count by one.
How to Make a Double Crochet Circle
Once you know how to increase and DC in the round, you can learn how to make a double crochet circle.
To create a flat circle, you want to increase the number of stitches and each round evenly. For double crochet, the universal rule is to begin with 10-12 double crochets in the first round. Then increase by the same number of stitches each round.
Round 1: 12 Dc
Round 2: 24 Dc
Round 3: 36 Dc
Round 4: 48 Dc
How to Count Dc Stitches and Rows
To count rows of double crochet, follow the visual line created by the base of a row of stitches. Sometimes it can be easier to count each line of holes or gaps rather than the entire stitch.
Common Mistakes and How to Fix Them
I've found that beginners run into the same common problems when learning how to double crochet. Here's what to do if you find yourself with the same dilemmas.
Why is my double crochet full of holes?
Your double crochet can appear holey for a few reasons:
1. You skipped a stitch or two in the middle of the row.
Solution: Count at the end of each row to ensure you have the same number of stitches each time.
2. Your turning chains at the beginning of each row are too loose.
Solution: Work the chain three to start each row more tightly, or use two (looser) chain stitches instead of three.
3. Your tension is uneven.
Solution: Keep practicing! It's normal to have some loose stitches and some tight stitches as a beginner.
Why are my edges uneven?
If the edges of your double crochet rows are wavey or uneven, it's usually because of the tension of your turning chain. The goal of a turning chain is to match the height of the double crochet stitches in the row.
If your turning chain is too loose, it will look saggy and create a hole at the edge of the row. When the turning chain is too tight, it pulls down the next stitch in the row.
In both cases, practicing consistent tension will help. If you're noticing that chain three is too long, use two chains instead.
Why is my stitch count wrong?
The most common reason a stitch count is wrong in double crochet is because of an issue with the turning chain. Remember that if your pattern says that the ch-3 turning chain counts as a stitch, it's important to skip the first stitch in the previous row and begin double crocheting into the second stitch. (See the tutorial above to review this concept.)
If you don't skip the first stitch, you'll add one extra stitch each row. This can make your flat crocheted piece start to grow into a trapezoid shape.
Why are the edges of my double crochet slanted?
You may notice the edges of your double crochet piece are slanting into the shape of a triangle. This happens when you unknowingly forget to work a stitch into the turning chain from the previous row. Doing so reduces the number of stitches in each row by one.
Check out the photo tutorial above for a refresher on crocheting into the turning chain at the end of a row.
Variations on Double Crochet
Once you've mastered the basic double crochet, there are many variations you can use to spice up the basic stitch.
Front Loop/Back Loop
One of the easiest variations on the basic DC stitch is to modify where you insert your hook for each stitch. Double crocheting through only the back (or front) loop of the stitches in the previous row creates a simple ribbed effect. This is how we easily create texture in this beginner beanie pattern.
I always recommend the herringbone double crochet stitch for beginners who are ready to expand their skills. By slightly modifying the basic DC stitch, you can create slanted rows of stitches that mimic the effect of herringbone.
Extended Double Crochet Stitch
The extended double crochet stitch is a taller version of the standard double crochet stitch. It's great for projects where you want a looser, more flexible fabric, but you need more structure than treble crochet will provide.
Here's how to do the extended double crochet stitch:
1. Yarn over and insert your hook into the stitch.
2. Yarn over and pull up a loop.
3. Yarn over and pull through one loop on the hook. (This is different than traditional double crochet.)
4. Yarn over and pull through two loops on the hook.
5. Yarn over again and pull through the remaining two loops on the hook.
Corner to Corner Crochet
If you're looking for a fast and creative way to make double crochets more interesting, you've got to try C2C crochet. This technique works at a diagonal, from one corner of a project to the opposite corner. It's most commonly used in graphgans, which are crochet blankets with pictures in them.
Learn how to corner to corner crochet in our beginner video tutorial and step-by-step guide.
Front Post/Back Post
Double crochet post stitches are used to create richly textured patterns, like crochet cables, the waffle stitch, and the basketweave stitch. Alternating front and back post stitches is also a technique commonly used in ribbing, such as on the cuffs of this C2C crochet cardigan.
The V-stitch pattern is a combination of double crochet stitches that create a V shape. Practice this easy stitch in the V-stitch cardigan pattern.
Patterns Using Double Crochet
Now that you know how to double crochet, you're ready to start put your new knowledge to use! Whether you want to learn how to crochet a sweater or make your first blanket, each of these free crochet patterns uses simple DC stitches.
More Crochet Stitch Tutorials
If you feel confident with the double crochet stitch, why not expand your repertoire?
See more crochet stitch tutorials →
That was so fun! Now what?
Invitation to our Facebook group
Come discuss learning how to double crochet and lots of other stitches and techniques in our Make & Do Crew Facebook group. Here thousands of helpful crocheters answer each others questions and share their stitches. Come join us!
How to Do the Double Crochet Stitch (US Terms)
- Any yarn, corresponding hook size to go with yarn
Abbreviations + Glossary (US Terms)
- sc – single crochet
- dc – double crochet
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Get support (and camaraderie!) in the Make & Do Crochet Crew Facebook Group. Search “Make and Do Crochet Crew” on Facebook.com.
Permissions + Copyright
Please do not publish or share this pattern as your own. You may make items to sell with this pattern. In exchange, please link back to this page. Do NOT use my photos as your own sales photos.
How to Do the Double Crochet Stitch (US Terms)
- 1. Yarn over. Insert hook into the next stitch. Yarn over and pull up a loop. (3 loops on hook.)
- 2. Yarn over and pull through two loops on the hook. (Two loops remain.)
- 3. Yarn over again, and pull through both loops on the hook. (Double crochet stitch complete.)